Zakat in Ramadan Month

Zakat is one of the five basic principles of Islam (in addition shahada), Zakat occupies second place, after the prayer, which is the first. The word zakat is derived from the verb 'Zaka', which means 'to grow' (of a plant). The second derivation of this word has meaning purification, ie 'Qad aflaha to zakkaha (it is indeed successful who purifies himself). To spend their wealth for the sake of Allah means that the human heart is purified from the love of material wealth. Anyone who spends sacrifice this as a humble gift to the Lord, and thus he affirms the truth that nothing in life is dearer to him than the love of Allah, and that he is fully prepared to sacrifice everything for His sake. It rests no gratitude burden of the recipient of zakat, but rather a sense of gratitude from the donor that the recipient has made it possible for him to fulfill his duty, which he owes to Allah and society. Zakat is paid on the excess of one's wealth that is left when one year has passed. It is therefore a tax on the excess wealth. Apart from domestic livestock and agricultural yield, paid zakat in a uniform rate of 2 ½%.

The minimum excess wealth of which zakat charged called 'Nisab'. It is different for different types of property, the most important is nisab for silver, approximately 595 grams and for gold, about 85 grams. Nisab for cash is the same as the (value of) gold and silver. (Zakat is) twenty percent of the hidden treasures, that wealth not involving undue effort when collecting it; in agricultural crops that require work to get, the zakat is 10% and this is known as' ushr (tenth). If the land is irrigated by artificial means, the twentieth of return paid as Zakat. If the country that produces returns would be in need of constant work and maintenance, so the owner is required to pay one-fortieth of the production. There is no zakat on less than five camels, but if a person pays it at will, it will be seen as an optional form of charity. For five camels, zakat is a goat, provided they remain on pasture throughout the year, because zakat is paid only on those camels that live on pasture and not on those that fed the house to feed. A goat is given if you have between five and nine camels, and two goats for ten to fourteen camels. Three are given between fourteen to nineteen camels and four goats for twenty to twenty-four camels. If one has between twenty-five to thirty-five camels are zakat 'Bint-al-Makhaz', i.e. camel annual foal.

No zakat needs to be given if it has fewer than forty goats, and at forty goats grazing most of the year given zakat in the form of a goat once a year has passed. A goat is given thirty cows. As for the horses so does not give zakat to them, in the light of the Holy Prophet guidance.

The things and people, which zakat must be spent on, is included in the following verse: "sacrifices are meant only for the poor and the needy and for those in charge of collecting them and to win the hearts [of faith] and to redeem people out of captivity and slavery and [to facilitate] the skuldtyngdas [burdens] and [fight for] the sake of God and for the wayfarer. This God has prescribed; God is all-knowing, wise. " [9.60]