When To Start and Stop Fasting in Ramadan

When the full sun disappeared, then should the fasting person end his fast, and not care about the red lights that remain on the horizon, because the Prophet (SAS) said: "When the night comes from there and the day disappeared from there, and the sun lost, then should the fasting person to break his fast. " (Bukhari, Al-Fath, no. 1954; matter is also mentioned in Majmoo 'al-Fataawa, 25/216)

It is Sunnah to hasten to break his fast. The Prophet (SAS) did not pray Maghrib until he had broken his fast, even if it was only with a few sips of water. (Reported by al-Haakim, 1/432; al-Silsilat al-Saheehah, 2110) If fasting will not find anything to break the fast with, then he should have the intention of breaking his fast, he should not suck his finger, as a some do. He must be careful not to break the fast prematurely, because the Prophet (SAS) saw some people hanging from their hamstrings with blood flowing from the side of their mouth, and when he asked about them, they replied that it was they who broke their determination time. "(the hadeeth found in Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah, no. 1986, and in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/420) If the person is certain, or almost certain, or is not sure he broke the fast at the right time , he should make up the day later, the bottom line is that the day is still day and has not stopped. (Fataawa al-Lajnah al-DaaĆ­mah, 10/287) he should beware of small children words or unreliable sources, and he will also beware of the time differences between different cities and villages when he hears the adhan on the radio or the like.

When the dawn comes - which is the white light across the horizon in the East - it must be fasting to stop eating and drinking at once, no matter if he hears the adhan or not. If he knows that the muezzin makes the adhan at dawn, he must stop eating and drinking as soon as he hears the adhan, but if the muezzin makes the adhan before Fajr, he must stop eating and drinking when he hears the adhan. If he does not know the muezzins way, or that it is different between different muezzins, and he can not discern the time of dawn itself - which is common in cities with very light and bygnader-   he can make use of pre-printed schedules, as long as he is safe they are not wrong.

In the To be on the safe side by stopping eating and drinking for some time before Fajr, such as ten minutes before, is Bidah. On some timetables can see a time 'imsaak' (when to stop eating and drinking) and a time of Fajr, this is something that goes against Islam.

Muslims who live in the cities where it is possible to distinguish night from day around the clock must be fixed, no matter how long the day is, as long as it is possible to distinguish night from day. In some places, you can not separate the day from the night; Muslims living in such places is the city that is closest to where you can distinguish night from day.