The Book Of Fasting for Ramadan Month

Al Muwatta. Imam Malik. Book XVIII
 18.10
The bleeding of a man who is fasting 
30
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to bleed when he fasted. Nafi said: "Later he stopped doing it, and he did not bleed until he had broken the fast."
31
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas and Abdullah ibn Umar used to bleed when he was fasting.
32
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that his father used to bleed while he fasted and did not break his fast. Hisham added: "I only saw him bleeding when he fasted."
Malik said: "Doing reprehensible bloodletting for one who is fasting only for fear that he will weaken, and if it were not for that, it would not be reprehensible. I do not think a man who is bleeding during Ramadan and does not break his fast, I owe nothing, and I do not say that I have to recover the day in which the sangria was made, because to make sangria is only reproachable for someone who fast, when his fast is in danger. , And then he is well enough to continue the fast until night, he owes nothing, nor does he have to recover that day. "


18.11
Fasting on the day of Ashura
(the tenth day of Muharram)
33
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, also used to fast on that day, during the yahiliyya. Later, when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he came to Madinah, fasted on that day and ordered him to be fast. Then Ramadan became obligatory, and this became obligatory fast ( fard ) instead of the day of Ashura, but who wanted to fast in it, and who did not want not. "
3. 4
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Humayd ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf heard Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan say from the mimbar on the day of Ashura in the year he made the hare: "People Of Madina, where are your men of knowledge? I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say about this day: "This is the day of Ashura, and fasting on this day has not been Made compulsory for you. I am fasting in him, and whoever wants to fast in him can do it, and whoever does not want does not have to do it. "
35
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibn al-Khattab had sent (the following message) to al-Hariz ibn Hisham, "Tomorrow is the day of Ashura, so fast (in it) and tell your family that Fast (also). "

18.12
Fasting in the days of Fitr and Adha ,
and fasting continually
36
Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Habban from al-Aray from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade fasting in two days: the day of Fitr and the Day of Adha .
37
Yahya related to me from Malik that he used to hear people of knowledge saying, "There is no harm in fasting continually, as long as one breaks the fast in the days when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him Peace, forbade fasting, that is, the days of Minah, the day of Adhah and the day of Fitr , conform to what we have heard. "
Malik said, "This is what I prefer from what I have heard about it."

18.13
The prohibition of fasting two consecutive days
or more, without breaking the fast between them (Wisal)
38
Yahya related to me from Malik, from Nafi, from Abdullah ibn Umar, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade fasting for two consecutive days, or more, without breaking the fast between the two. They said: "But, Messenger of Allah, your pracitcas wisal." He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, "I am not like you. I am given food and drink."
39
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z Zinad from al-Aray from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Beware of wisal! Beware of wisal!" They said: "But you practice wisal, Messenger of Allah." He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, "I'm not like you , My Lord me. Alim enta and gives me drink."

18.14
The fasting of one who kills by mistake or pronounces
the Dhihar formula of divorce
40
Yahya related to me, and I myself heard Malik say, "The best of what I have heard about someone who must fast two consecutive months because of having mistakenly killed someone or pronounced the dhihar formula of divorce when it falls severely Sick and has to break his fast, is that if he recovers from his illness and is strong enough to fast, he should not postpone (the resumption of his fasting) He resumes his fast from the point where he left him.
"Likewise, a woman who has to fast because of having killed someone by mistake, should not postpone the resumption of her fast as soon as she has remained pure after her period. She must resume her fast from the point where I leave.
"No one who, according to the Book of Allah, has to fast for two consecutive months, can break his fast except for illness or menstruation. He must not travel and break his fast."
Malik said, "This is the best of what I have heard about it."

18.15
What a sick man does that is fasting
41
Yahya said that he had heard Malik say, "What I have heard people say is that if a man is afflicted by an illness that makes him fast, which makes him weary and fatiguing, he may break This is the same case as that of a sick man in prayer, to whom it is too difficult and exhausting to stand, (and Allaah knows better than the slave that this is an excuse for him and not Can be really described.) If man is in such a state, he prays sitting, and the dynasty of Allah is easy.
"Allah has allowed the traveler to break fast when he travels, even though he has more strength to fast than a sick man. Allah, the Exalted One, says in His Book:" Whoever is sick or travels (must fast) (Equal) days after, "therefore Allaah has allowed a traveler to break his fast in the course of a journey, and being thus able to fast more than a sick man."

18.16
The promise of fasting,
and fasting for the dead
42
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab was asked whether a man who had promised to fast one month could fast voluntarily, and Sa ' id said: " You must keep his promise before making any voluntary fasting . "
Keep their promises) that no one claimed (as debts). If this (ie, freely disposing of his property) was allowed, he would delay these things (that is, his promises), until, being close to death, he appointed them, being able to consume all his property. You should not do this. "
43
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that they used to ask Abdullah ibn Umar: "Can you fast one for another, or do the prayer for another?" And he answered: "No one can fast or do the prayer on behalf of another."

18.17
The recovery of days lost from Ramadan
and the Kaffara
44
Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from his brother Khalid ibn Aslam that Umar ibn al-Khattab broke the fast on one occasion on a cloudy day, thinking that the sunset had arrived and that the sun had set. Then a man came to him and said , " Amir al-muminin , the sun has solid," and Umar said. "This is an easy affair was our deduction ( ijtihad )."
Malik said: "According to our opinion, and Allaah knows best, what he meant when he said:" this is an easy matter "was to recover the fast, and how light was the effort and how easy it was. Reality): "We will fast another day instead."
Four. Five
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to say: "Whoever breaks fast in Ramadan because he is sick or traveling must recover the days he has lost consecutively."
46
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abdullah ibn Abbas and Abu Hurayra disagreed about the recovery of the lost days of Ramadan. One said that they were done separately and the other said they were done consecutively. He did not know which one was the one he'd said were made separately.
47
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to say: "If someone forces himself to vomit, while he is fasting, he has to recover one day, but if he can not avoid vomiting he does not have to recover anything."
48
Yahya related to me from Malik, from Yahya ibn Sa'id, that he had heard as Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab asked him about the recovery of the lost days of Ramadan, and Sa ' id said: "What I prefer , With respect to the days lost in Ramadan, is to retrieve them consecutively and not separately. "
Yahya said that he had heard Malik say, about someone recovering separately the days he had lost from Ramadan, that he did not have to repeat them. (What he had done) was enough. However, it was preferable to do them consecutively.
Malik said, "Whoever eats or drinks by unconsciousness or oblivion in Ramadan, or during any other obligatory fast that he has to do, has to fast another day in his place."
49
Yahya related to me from Malik that Humayd ibn Qays al-Makki said: "I was with Muyahid when he was performing the tawaf around the Ka'ba, and a man approached him and asked him if the (fasting) days kaffara had fasted consecutively, or could well be done separately I said. "Yes, can be made separately if the person so wishes." Mujahid said: "do not separate them because in Ubayy ibn Ka'b recitation They are spoken of as three consecutive days. "
Malik said: "What I prefer is what Allah has specified in the Qur'an, that is, they are fasted consecutively."
Malik was asked about a woman who started the day fasting during Ramadan, and although it was outside the days of her period, fresh blood flowed from her (ie non-menstrual blood). Then she waited until the night to (try) to see the same, but saw nothing. Then, the next day in the morning, he had another hemorrhage, although smaller than the first one. Later, a few days before his period, the bleeding stopped completely. They asked Malik what to do about his fast and his prayer, and he said, "That blood is like the menstrual blood." When she sees, she must break the fast, and then recover the days she has lost. Has completely dentenido,
They asked Malik if someone who was Muslim on the last day of Ramadan must recover the entire Ramadan, or whether to simply recover the day when s and had become a Muslim, and he said, "do not have to recover any of the Days that have passed, begin to fast from that day on. "What I am most satisfied with is that I regain the day when I became a Muslim."

18.18
Recovery of voluntary fasts
(which have been broken)
fifty
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab, that A'isha and Hafsa, the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began one morning a voluntary fast, and later they were given food and they broke with this Fasting. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered. A'isha said, "Hafsa anticipated to speak before me - for he was the daughter of his father (Umar ibn al-Khattab) - and asked:" Messenger of Allah, A'isha and I began a voluntary fast in the morning and Then they brought us food and we pledged the fast with her. "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:" Fast another day to recover that which you have lost. "
Yahya said that he heard Malik say: "Whoever eats or drinks through neglect or forgetfulness during a voluntary fast does not have to repeat his fast, but he must continue fasting what remains of that day in which he has eaten or drunk, while doing voluntary fasting , And should not stop the fast.A person who happens to something unexpected that makes him break his voluntary fast, does not have to break his fast if he has broken it for a justified reason, and not simply because he decided to break his fast. So that I do not consider that someone has to repeat a voluntary prayer if he had to interrupt it because of an escape (gas or urine) that he could not avoid and that made it necessary to repeat the wudu .
Unless something happens to him, like an illness, or something else for which a man can be excused. This is because Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, says in His Book, "And eat and drink until the white thread of the dawn of the black thread, and then complete the fast until the night" (Sura 2, ayat 187), and Therefore he must complete his fast as Allaah has said. Allah, the Exalted, also says, "And complete the hayy and anoint for Allah," So that if a man puts himself in ihram to perform a voluntary hajj, having already made a compulsory hayy (on an earlier occasion), he must not interrupt his hayy, once he has begun it, nor remove the ihram when he is in the Half of its hayy. Anyone who commences a voluntary act must complete it once it has begun, just as a mandatory act must be completed. This is the best of what I have heard. "

18.19
The Fidya (Compensation) of a Man Breaking Ramadan Fast for Weakness
51
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Anas ibn Malik used to pay fidya when, having reached the jealousy, he could no longer resist fasting.
Malik said, "I do not consider that doing this is obligatory, but what I prefer is for a man to fast when he is strong enough." He who pays compensation delivers a mudd of food for each day, using the mudd, of the Prophet , May Allah bless him and grant him peace. "
52
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Abdullah ibn Umar had been asked about what a pregnant woman should do when fasting became too difficult and feared for her son, and he said, "You must break the fast and To feed a poor man with a mudd of wheat for every day, using the mudd of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. "
Malik said: "The people of knowledge consider that such a woman owes every day of fasting she has lost, for Allah, the Exalted and Glorified, says:" And those of you who are sick or traveling must fast an equal number Of other days, "and they consider their pregnancy and their concern for their child as an illness."
53
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim that his father used to say: "If anyone has to recover lost days of fasting from Ramadan and does not do so before Ramadan comes, having sufficient strength to do so, you must alim entar a poor man with a mudd of wheat for each day lost, and also have to fast the days you owe. "
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard him say the same to Sa'id ibn Yubayr.

18.20
Recovery of days that have not been fasting
from Ramadan in general
54
Yahya related to me from Malik, from Yahya ibn Sa'id, from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman, that he heard A'isha, the Prophet's wife, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say: "I used to happen That he had to recover days of Ramadan, and not be able to do them until Sha'ban arrived. "

18.21
Fasting on the day of doubt
55
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard the people of knowledge tell people not to fast on Sha'ban's day when there was doubt (about whether it was Sha'ban or Ramadan), if they intended to fast fast Of Ramadan. They considered that whoever fasted on that day without having seen (the new moon) had to recover that day if it was subsequently confirmed that that day was part of Ramadan. Otherwise, they found no harm in voluntary fasting on that day.
Malik said, "This is what we do, and what I have seen do to the people of knowledge of our city."

18.22
Fasting in general
56
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n Nadr the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman that A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to fast so much that we thought that he would never finish fasting, and he stayed without fasting so much that we thought that he would not fast again.I never saw the Messenger of Allah, Bless him and grant him peace, to fast for a whole month, except the month of Ramadan, and I never saw him do as much fast as he did in the month of Sha'ban. "
57
Yahya related to me from Malik, from Abu'z Zinad, from al-Aray, from Abu Hurayra, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Fasting is a protection.When you fast, do not behave Obscene or foolish, and if anyone argues with you or in sult a, say: "I am fasting, I am fasting."
58
Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z Zinad from al-Aray from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "By the hand in whose hand is my being, the smell Of the breath of a man who fastes is preferable to Allah than the perfume of musk. " "Forsake your desires and your food and drink for My sake, fasting is for Me, and I reward you.Every good deed is rewarded with as ten likenesses to it, up to seven hundred times, except fasting, which is for Me, And I reward you. "
59
Yahya related to me from Malik from his paternal uncle, Abu Suhayl ibn Malik, from his father, that Abu Hurayra said: "When Ramadan arrives the doors of the Garden are opened and the doors of the Fire are closed, and the Shayatin are chained."
60
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that the people of knowledge did not disapprove that those who fasted would use the siwak at any time of the day, during Ramadan, either at the beginning or at the end, nor Had heard that none of the men of knowledge disapproved or forbade such practice.
Yahya said that he had heard Malik say, about fasting six days after breaking the fast at the end of Ramadan, that he had never seen any of the men of knowledge and fiqh fasting those days. He said: "I have not heard that any of our ancestors were accustomed to do it, and the people of knowledge disregard it and fear that it may become a bid'a and that ordinary and ignorant people will add to Ramadan what does not belong to it , If they thought that the people of knowledge had given permission for such a thing to be done, and that they should see it done to themselves.
Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "I have never heard of any of the men of knowledge and fiqh, nor of those whom people take as an example, to forbid fasting on the day of Yumu'a . Well, and I have seen one of the men of knowledge fast in him, and I thought he was keen (to fast on that day). "
He said: "Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laizi related to me from Malik ibn Anas of Ibn Shihab that one day Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz delayed the prayer Urwa ibn az-Zubayr came and told him that al-Murgira ibn Shu ' Ba had delayed prayer, one day in Kufa, and Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari had come to him and said, "What is it, Murgira? Do you not know that the angel Yibril descended and prayed, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and give him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and give him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and give him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. Then he prayed again, And the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and give him peace, prayed. Then Yibril said, "This is what you have been commanded to do." Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz said: "Be sure of what you relate, Urwa. Was it Yibril who established the time of prayer for the Messenger of Allah?"