Ramadan Fasting in Long Days of Summer

When Ramadan this year (2017) and the next 4 years will occur during the summer, this means that the days will be long. Brothers as well as sisters has therefore asked me about the ruling on the people who are not capable of fasting for so long.

Therefore, I would like to express a thorough summary of what the great scholars have said about this, but to discuss evidence or go into details. The purpose of this is to facilitate the topic of our brothers and sisters. For, the worship of Allah should only be done with the knowledge of the religion. The purpose of fasting is to worship Allah, to come closer to him, follow his Sharia - with love and humility.

The purpose of fasting and other forms of worship are not damaging to health or to suffer difficulties in life. Thus I mention eight points on this subject:

1) The basis on which a Muslim must not doubts about is: if you can distinguish between day and night, that the place on earth where the sun takes its upprespektive decline and in 24-hour intervals - so it is obligatory for a Muslim to fast during the month of Ramadan. This is regardless of whether the days are very long or very short. This is among the great learned most famous fatwa, by the likes of Shaykh Hasanain Muhammad Makhluf (former Mufti of Egypt - his fatwa published Ramadan 1952), Shaykh Abdal-Aziz bin Baz and Muhammad bin Salih Al-Uthaymin - and the Fatwa Committee and Council for the great scholars of Saudi Arabia decided in March, 1978 (No. 61). However, there is another opinion that says that when the day is long, you get fixed the number of hours they fast in Mecca or Medina. What they mean by this is that breaking the fast before sunset where you are - and that this met as a fully accepted fixed. This is so that you then fasted as many hours as other Muslims have been fasting in other countries where the days are reasonably long. Regarding this view, it is not acceptable, as it has no evidence and not in accordance with Sharia law grounds. It is not even worth discussing.

2) Where it is made to fasting in Ramadan is a duty, even if the days are long, any Muslim who is of mature age and understanding, and do not have a valid reason under Sharia law to provide fast, for example. traveling, sick (for a woman) to be menstruating - should be fixed in good conscience without cutting corners. It happens, however, that it has serious difficulties in fixed, you can cancel it - without replacing it with a kaffarah (alms), then this person is counted as traveling or sick. Rather, he / she again missed the days after Ramadan has passed.

3) Difficulty (almashaqqah) that can be accepted as a reason to cancel the fast is a real difficulty, not because they lack the motivation or pure laziness, or because they find it difficult to perform worship of his Lord. Nor is it sufficient to have common difficulties or fatigue of the kind you usually experience during fasting. Shaykh Hasanain Makhluf explained this by saying: "It is only allowed to interrupt the fast if you have a strong foundation for this by signs or been prescribed by a licensed physician about fasting for such a long time will lead to poorer condition or disease - or if it gets him / her to be so tired, or your own that in any way affect him. that person is counted as sick and are afraid to either lose their lives or the condition worsens, or that the disease is prolonged. This is the general approach to validity to cancel the fast and make it easier for Muslims.